Wangpo Tethong Fragebogen

Jeder Kandidat erhielt einen von unseren Mitgliedern erstellten Fragebogen zugeschickt. Wangpo Tethong ist der einzige Kandidat der den Fragebogen für unsere Mitglieder ausfüllte.


1. Foreign Politics / ཕྱི་སྲིད།

How important do you think is the role of the western countries? How would you convince them to help Tibet? How should they manage to improve the situation in Tibet?
སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་ནུབ་ཕྱོགས་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཀྱི་བྱེད་སྒོ་དེ་གལ་ཆེ་ཆུང་ཇི་ལྟར་དགོངས་ཀྱི་ཡོད་དམ།  བོད་དོན་ཐོག་རོགས་སྐྱོར་ཡོང་བར་ཁོ་ཚོའི་བློ་ཇི་ལྟར་འགུགས་སམ།  ཁོང་ཚོས་བོད་ནང་གི་གནས་སྟངས་ཡར་རྒྱས་ཡོང་བར་གང་འདྲ་གནང་དགོས་སམ།

 

How important do you think is the role of the western countries?
The Western public as well as the governments in North America and Europe are extremely important. In fact, these are our most effective leverages and opportunity to influence China on a governmental level. Saying this, I am fully aware that Western governments won’t struggle for our freedom. This is something we have to do ourselves. 

How would you convince them to help Tibet? 
We have to speak to the government directly and through the general public respectively through their constituencies; we have to build up support on the grass root level, in the city halls and in the parliaments.  We have to address the media and improve our campaigning skills in order to build a solid alliance of support for our cause. His Holiness the Dalai Lama has created a huge base of goodwill for us. CTA has so far not achieved to transform these very preferable conditions in solid political support. This has to be changed. A huge, but doable task!

How should the governments improve the situation in Tibet?
Western governments have different means to influence. It is crucial for us to understand that we have to place demands on different levels. I am against monothematic approaches. I, therefor, suggest:

  1. Western governments should include provision to protect the people and environment in Tibet in their dealings & treaties (trade, military, infrastructure projects) with China, 
  2. Show public support for Tibet by meeting the Dalai Lama and the Sikyong. Including tangible support in form of finance and other resources.
  3. Emphasize the right of the Tibetan people to live in freedom and support a negotiated solution.

 

2. China / རྒྱ་ནག།

Lately, there has been some disagreements within our community regarding the Umaylam/Rangzen policy. What do we have to prioritize in your opinion: Unity or the right to freedom of opinion and to express them? Which policy do you personally prefer? Could you please briefly explain how you concretely would try to achieve this goal? And what role does China play?

ཉེ་དུས་ང་ཚོའི་སྤྱི་ཚོགས་ནང་དབུ་མའི་ལམ་དང་རང་བཙན་གྱི་སྲིད་ཇུས་ཐོག་བློ་ཁ་མ་མཐུན་པ་ཕྲན་བུ་བྱུང་ཡོད།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ཀྱི་དགོངས་པར་ང་ཚོས་དགོས་གལ་དང་པོར་ག་རེ་འདམ་དགོས་སམ་་༼ཆིག་བསྒྲིལ་ལམ་བསམ་ཚུལ་གྱི་རང་དབང་དང་རྣམ་འགྱུར་ཕྱིར་སྟོན་པ།༽སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་སྐུ་སྒེར་ཐོག་ནས་སྲིད་ཇུས་གང་འདེམས་སམ།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་དམིགས་ཡུལ་འདི་དག་འགྲུབ་པར་འབད་བརྩོན་ཇི་ལྟར་གནང་རྒྱུའི་འགྲེལ་བརྗོད་སྙིང་བསྡུས་ཤིག་གནང་རོགས་ཞུ་བ་དང་རྒྱ་ནག་གི་བྱེད་སྒོ་ག་རེ་ཡོད་དམ།

 

What do we have to prioritize in your opinion: Unity or the right to freedom of opinion and to express them? 

The freedom of expression.

Which policy do you personally prefer? Could you please briefly explain how you concretely would try to achieve this goal? And what role does China play?

I want to strengthen the movements and its actions. In order to do this a good analysis of the present situation is needed. Therefor I recommend a review of all our Tibet related policies. This is my short-term goal.  Please also check the website future-of-tibet.org and support the initiatives of Wangchen la and me!

Regarding the future and the basic principle of our freedom struggle: It is not for us but for the Tibetan people inside Tibet to have the final say about the future of Tibet. However, we have to keep in mind: China constitutes a very important element of any future solution and we – most probably - can’t have a political solution that does not take into account the Chinese interests. 

As for now, we have to undertake a rational, solution-oriented and open review process of our current political situation and our Tibet related political work which is far more than what ‘Umaylam policy’ is about. 

The grass root work in the West for example has been neglected. We need to address the aging of our supporter base, increase the support in the parliaments, improve our officials’ training, prioritize spending & reorganise our departments, re-strategize the outreach to the Chinese public and government. What can be done in Asia and how to be better linked to the Indian public. And finally, is it a candid strategy to rely in our international work more or less completely on US political support.

We have many bright people among us and among our friends and we need them all to discuss future political scenarios, their consequences and come up with bold action plans.  Opinions and debates are basically fine for me. But, I prefer study and strategizing with established facts and then to develop some powerful and detailed plans how to fight the big challenges ahead of us. This work urgently needs to be done and it is high time for the Kashag to demonstrate leadership on the above issues and cooperate with the wider Tibet movement.

And lastly, a hugely important question: How can we reach out to our fellow countrymen in Tibet, develop common strategies and work together more closely? This also needs a solid answer. I have been working in the past on various issues in relation with the situation in Tibet and am confident to contribute my experience to this debate.

 

3. Domestic Politics / ནང་གི་སྲིད་བྱུས།

How can marginalized groups such as homosexual, muslim, etc. be more included in Tibetan society? How would you ensure gender equality? What do you think about a quota of women and a quota of youth in the parliament?

བོད་པའི་སྤྱི་ཚོགས་ནང་ཟུར་ཕུད་ཚོ་ཁག་དཔེར་ན་རྟགས་མཚུངས་འཁྲིག་སྦྱོར་དང་ཁ་ཆེ་ལྟ་བུ་མང་ཙམ་འཚུད་ཐབས་ཇི་ལྟར་གནང་ཐུབ་བམ།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་ཕོ་མོ་འདྲ་མཉམ་ཐད་ངེས་བརྟེན་ཇི་ལྟར་བཟོ་ཐུབ་བམ།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་གྲོས་ཚོགས་ནང་བེུད་དང་གཞོན་སྐྱེས་ཀྱི་ཞབས་སྟེགས་ཐོབ་ཆ་ཐད་དགོངས་ཚུལ་ག་རེ་ཡོད་དམ།

 

Generally, Tibetans are quite liberal compared to other societies in the East. There is among Tibetans i.e. a great sympathy for Tibetan muslims. However, we make a distinction between Tibetan muslims and Chinese immigrant muslims. 

I can’t say too much about the situation of Tibetan gays and lesbians. But I do not doubt that there is some condemnable level of discrimination. Discrimination based on racial or social background and origin is much more common among Tibetans and we have to fight this. Our vision must definitely be a compassionate, egalitarian and liberal community.

I support a quota for youth and women. Especially for women, they should claim a minimum quota of 30 per cent.  Any good legislation that would work for these changes would have my support. But quotas alone are not the solution. Families need to have concrete financial and other incentives and compensation in order to enable their female members an indiscriminate participation in social and political life. 

 

4. TYAE / ཡུ་རོབ་བོད་ཀྱི་གཞོན་ནུ་ཚོགས་པ།

What role does the Tibetan Youth Association in Europe play in our struggle? Do you see any areas where a cooperation would be a good idea and if yes, where? How can NGOs and civil society take part in Tibetan politics? Are there any institutionalized processes needed?

ཡུ་རོབ་བོད་ཀྱི་གཞོན་ནུ་ཚོགས་པས་ང་ཚོའི་འཐབ་རྩོད་ཐོག་འགན་འཁུར་ག་རེ་གནང་གི་ཡོད་དམ།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་གནད་དོན་ཅི་རུང་ཐོག་མཉམ་ལས་གནང་ན་ལེགས་པ་དགོངས་སམ།  གལ་ཏེ་ཡིན་ན་གནད་དོན་གང་གི་ཐོག་ཡིན་ནམ།  གཞུང་འབྲེལ་མིན་པའི་ཚོགས་པ་དང་ཚོགས་སྡེ་གཞན་ཁག་ནས་བོད་པའི་ཆབ་སྲིད་ནང་མཉམ་ཞུགས་ཇི་ལྟར་གནང་ཐུབ་བམ།  སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ཀྱི་རྒྱུད་རིམ་ཐོག་ནས་འགྲོ་དགོས་པ་དེ་འདྲ་ཡོད་དམ།  

 

The TYAE is doing very well, I feel. People respect the work TYAE is doing and has done in the past. TYAE’s biggest asset is its expertise in working with the European public and its enthusiasm and creativity for mobilising Tibetans and Non-Tibetans for specific campaign issues. TYAE always played a leading role in our small community as an open-minded force for progress, change and liberalism. We need to see more of this spirit in the TYAE.

I don’t think that institutionalising NGO’s role or giving TYAE some institutional position is a solution. Instead, we need to create and defend the space for free and open exchange of knowledge, experience, activism and creativity. 

 

5. Democratization /དམངས་གཙོ་སྒྱུར་ལས།

After the historic transition of political power 2011 by His Holiness the XIV. Dalai Lama and his wish to separate religion and politics - and also the recent events by the Jonang group - do you think that representatives of the Buddhist schools are still needed in the parliament? Which democratic reforms and modernization processes are necessary?

༧གོང་ས་མཆོག་ནས་ཕྱི་ལོ་  ༢༠༡༡ལོར་ལོ་རྒྱུས་ཅན་གྱི་ཆབ་སྲིད་འགན་དབང་འཕོ་འགྱུར་གནང་རྗེས།  ཁོང་གི་འདོད་དོན་ནི་ཆོས་དང་སྲིད་གཉིས་ཐ་དད་བཟོ་གནང་རྒྱུ་དེ་ཡིན་པ་དང་།  ཉེ་ཆར་ཇོ་ནང་པའི་དོན་རྐྱེན་བཞིན།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་གྲོས་ཚོགས་ནང་ཆོས་ལུགས་ཀྱི་སྐུ་ཚབ་ད་ལྟའ་དགོས་གལ་གཟིགས་ཀྱི་ཡོད་དམ།  དམངས་གཙོ་དང་དེང་དུས་སུ་སྒྱུར་བཅོས་ཀྱི་བྱ་རིམ་གང་ཞིག་ཐོག་དགོས་ངེས་གཟིགས་སམ།

Religious groups such as the Kagyus, Nyingma, Sakya and Böns have received special treatment in the political system because they have been discriminated in the historic past and were not part of the ruling elite. When these groups were given the seats in the parliament in the sixties it had then a strong notion of political egalitarianism. Nowadays, situation has changed and people perceive it differently. It is time for change. But to be honest, there is a lot of opposition to that and I have no idea how to overcome these hindrances in the parliament and would like to use my energy for projects that have better prospects. Therefor, I suggest to the heads of the religious groups to come up with better solution to guarantee equal representation to the religious sects in our community and to overcome the old concept that only parliamentary representation is a valuable representation.

 

6. Tibet  / །བོད།

Shouldn´t the exile government focus more on the well-being and interests of the Tibetans living in Tibet? How can the CTA support young political activists in Tibet? Also the environmental situation in Tibet is alarming. How would you stop the exploitation of natural resources during your term? 

བཙན་བྱོལ་གཞུང་ནས་བོད་ནང་གི་བོད་མི་ཚོའི་བདེ་སྡུག་ཐོག་ཐུགས་སྣང་ཆེ་བ་གནང་མི་དགོས་སམ།  བོད་མི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ནས་བོད་ནང་གཞོན་སྐྱེས་ཆབ་སྲིད་ཐོག་ཕྱག་ལས་གནང་མཁན་ཚོར་རྒྱབ་སྐྱོར་ཇི་ལྟར་གནང་ངམ།  དེ་བཞིན་བོད་ནང་གི་ཁོར་ཡུག་གནས་སྟངས་ནི་ཛ་དྲག་ཏུ་འགྲོ་བཞིན་ཡོད།  སྐུ་ཉིད་ཀྱི་ལས་རྒྱུན་རིང་རང་བྱུང་ཁམས་ཀྱི་ཐོན་ཁུངས་གང་བྱུང་སྔོག་འདོན་ཐད་བཀག་འགོག་ཇི་ལྟར་གནང་རྒྱུ་ཡིན་ནམ།

 

This is one of my favourite issues and one of the most difficult questions I ponder upon since many years. The first step is – I am now convinced - to invite those who have experience in this field and start with small undertakings and gain experience. There is no harm to start without a blueprint at this point.

At some point we need to have a better strategy. I remember you of His Holiness’ concern for the protection of wildlife and public condemnation of wearing fur. The message spread all over Tibet and is a good example how things could work. An impressive campaign that last till today.

I guess, the final solution won’t be one single brilliant idea but a multitude of tactics that must be coordinated. I suppose that we will be able to discuss some issues in public and some have to remain confidential.  

One point is clear to me, we need to move our non-violent activities closer to the centres on mainland China. Such a new initiative will call for additional resources such as for training and for action planning. 

Finally, I do not believe that CTA would be the most perfect organisation to carry out activities in Tibet or China. We need an independent and very flexible format. Why not TYAE? Why not the youth?

 

7. Financial Politics / དཔལ་འབྱོར་གྱི་སྲིད་བྱུས།

How can the financial situation of the CTA be improved? Which innovative ideas are you bringing along? How can we, financially spoken, create more transparency? And how do we have to increase the welfare to help the poorer people in our community?

བོད་མི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ཀྱི་དཔའ་འབྱོར་གནས་སྟངས་འཕེལ་རྒྱས་ཇི་ལྟར་གཏོང་ཐུབ་བམ།  ལེགས་བཅོས་འོས་པའི་རིག་གསར་གང་འདྲ་ཞིག་བསྣམ་ཕེབས་རྒྱུ་ཡིན་ནམ།  དངུལ་རྩིས་ཐོག་བཤད་ན་ང་ཚོས་ཕྱི་གསལ་ནང་གསལ་ཇི་ལྟར་བཟོ་ཐུབ་པ་དང་ང་ཚོས་མི་མང་དབུལ་ཕོངས་ལ་རོགས་སྐྱོར་ཆེད་བདེ་དོན་འཕེལ་རྒྱས་ཇི་ལྟར་གཏོང་དགོས་སམ།  

Regarding our income, spending and budget structure: More self-reliance. Stop our dependency on few donor countries (US). Increase the income of the Green book. I also would like to examine the possibility of introducing schemes in which private funders and CTA join for business opportunities. The legal format could be cooperatives. Partnerships should be avoided.


8. Young Tibetans / །བོད་མི་གཞོན་སྐྱེས།

How would you try to make the younger generation of Tibetans      more interested into politics? Is there enough support for them by the CTA or do we have to invest more into our future? Regarding "braindrain": Many youngsters would like to move to the west. What kind of conditions are needed so that people can actually see a future to live in India/Nepal? 

སྐུ་ཉིད་ནས་དེང་དུས་བོད་མི་ན་གཞོན་ཚོར་ཆབ་སྲིད་ཐོག་དོ་སྣང་ཆེ་རུ་ཡོང་ཆེད་འབད་བརྩོན་ཇི་ལྟར་གནང་རྒྱུ་ཡིན་ནམ།  ཁོང་རྣམས་ལ་བོད་མི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ནས་འདང་ངེས་རྒྱབ་སྐྱོར་ཡོད་དམ།  ཡང་ན་ང་ཚོས་མ་འོངས་པར་ཆེད་དུ་འགྲོ་གྲོན་ནམ་དུས་ཚོད་མང་དུ་གཏོང་དགོས་སམ།  མཁས་པ་ཕྱིར་ཤོར་ཐད།  ན་གཞོན་མང་པོ་ནུབ་ཕྱོགས་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཏུ་ཕེབས་འདོད་ཡོད་སྟབས།  མ་འོངས་པར་བོད་མི་རྣམས་རྒྱ་གར་དང་བལ་ཡུལ་ནང་མུ་མཐུད་གནས་ཐབས་ཆེད་གནས་བབས་ག་འདྲ་ཞིག་དགོས་ངེས་ཡོད་དམ།

  1. I think the Tibetan youth is in general interested in our cause and involved in the struggle and participate in the debate about the future of our community.
  2. There are many good ideas by individuals who have much more experience than me regarding this issue how to improve the living conditions in India. It is obvious that the economy of the past (agriculture and sweater business) can’t remain the future for the youth. We have to move into trade, the service industries as well as in the world of culture and build job opportunities that can compete with those in the West. I would like to commit the CTA to examine and support such ventures by young people in Delhi and other big cities in India.

 

9. Europe / ཡུ་རོབ།

What can the exile government do so that the Tibetan writing and language but also the Tibetan culture can continue in the western countries as well? Which conditions do we have to create so that young Tibetans would be interested into that?

བཙན་བྱོལ་གཞུང་ནས་བོད་ཀྱི་སྐད་ཡིག་ཙམ་མ་ཡིན་པར་ནུབ་ཕྱོགས་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ནང་དུའང་བོད་ཀྱི་རིགས་གཞུང་མུ་མཐུད་གནས་ཐབས་ཐད་ག་རེ་གནང་ཐུབ་བམ།བོད་མི་ན་གཞོན་ཚོར་དོ་སྣང་ཡོང་ཆེད་གནས་བབས་ག་འདྲ་ཞིག་བསྐྲུན་དགོས་ཡོད་དམ།  

More than 30000 Tibetans migrated to the West changing the balance of our exile community within a few years. This is a challenge as well as a huge potential for the diaspora. Our goal: A strong Tibetan community in the West and on the Indian subcontinent.

In order to do this we need to have a combined effort of the parents, the youth, the Tibetan communities in the West and the CTA. The first step is to agree on a bold masterplan for the future of Tibetans living in the West.  One section of this plan will contain improvements in the way we live our culture. I want the CTA to take responsibility for the preservation of Tibetan culture in the West and develop policies that fits the needs in the West.

Tibet community centres (a combination of training/courses, restaurant, library, meeting rooms and offices) are much needed and could play an important role hereby. There are already such places in Europe where Tibetans do have some basic infrastructure but we need to take them to a higher level. I hope and work for the CTA to play a strong role in these efforts.

Furthermore, we have to understand that our people in the West are a huge asset. I want to see that the Tibet Corps program is expanded and that we develop various attractive opportunities for different age groups and involve Tibetans in exile responsibilities. 


10. Future / མ་འོངས། 

Difficult times are ahead of us. His Holiness the XIV. Dalai Lama has celebrated his 80. Birthday this year. Are we ready for the time after his demise - and if not, what needs to be done?

ང་ཚོར་ཆེས་དཀའ་ཚེགས་ཅན་གྱི་དུས་ཚོད་ཡོང་རྒྱུ་ཡིན།  འདི་ལོར་༧གོང་ས་མཆོག་དགུང་གྲངས་ ༨༠ ཕེབས་པའི་༧སྐུའི་འཁྲུངས་སྐར་སྲུང་བརྩི་ཞུས་ཡོད།  ཁོང་སྐུ་འཚོ་བཞུགས་མེད་པའི་སྐབས་དེར་ང་ཚོ་གྲ་སྒྲིག་ཡོད་དམ།  གལ་ཏེ་མེད་ན་ང་ཚོ་ག་རེ་གནང་དགོས་སམ།

We are not perfectly ready and we will never be ready for this sad day, I fear. But we have to try and can take some precautionary steps that will hopefully be of some assistance.

  1. Strengthen our system (It is not only about democracy. It is about all aspects of our Tibetan diaspora: efficiency, strategic coherence, sense of public service, etc.) and make our present leaders accountable for their actions and non-actions.
  2. Follow the steps outlined by His Holiness for his succession. 
  3. Develop a clear vision of future Tibet that goes beyond our present debate of Rangzen and Uma and recall and practise the core political values such as Freedom, Democracy and the Spirit of Resistance.

Finally, His Holiness has came up with some very clear guidelines about his succession which helps a lot. The Chinese shouldn’t be misled by their own propaganda. They won’t have any say in the succession. This is Tibetan business.